Successful completion of one of the competitive entrance examinations allows students to enroll in one of the four French national veterinary schools (ENVF) and to follow the DVM veterinary course.

This 5 or 6 year theoretical and practical course, depending on the pathway, has the particularity of strongly associating clinical training and training through research.

The training consists of two parts :

  • the core curriculum (4 to 5 years depending on the access route)
  • in-depth training

Extra-mural experience

Internships are an integral part of the curriculum followed by ENVT students.
The smooth running of this educational exercise (supervision and validation) is ensured by the involvement of the entire educational community.

A theoretical and practical curriculum

The DVM course is aimed at training veterinarians towards careers dedicated to animal health, public health and food safety.

Veterinary education is guided by a curriculum common to the 4 French Veterinary Schools.


8 macro-competences

4 specific macro-competences

  • To advise and prevent for the health and well-being of animals and for the respect of biosecurity principles.
  • To establish a diagnosis on an individual or collective scale including the collection of information, the formulation of hypotheses, their hierarchy in order to treat animals or to apply this approach to other professional situations.
  • To care for and treat by implementing appropriate care and treatment protocols.
  • To act for public health by being the sentinel of and responsible for animal health, food safety and animal production according to the principle of “One health” (animal, human, environmental);
    Conseiller et prévenir pour la santé et le bien-être des animaux et pour le respect des principes de biosécurité.

4 transversal macro-skills

  • To work in a company and manage the daily economic, administrative, regulatory and human resources aspects in all areas of practice of the profession.
  • To communicate with animal owners, staff, professionals, competent authorities and the general public using appropriate means.
  • To act as a scientist using an evidence-based information and critical analysis strategy.
  • To act responsibly and with full awareness of health, ethical and societal responsibilities, particularly in relation to sustainable development and animal welfare.


During training the student :

  1. Must do compulsory training periods which are fully part of their curriculum.
  2. Can do optional training periods.
  3. Must carry out a mobility abroad of a minimum of 4 weeks, this mobility can be carried out within the context of an internship.

Year 1

The first year common to the ENVs is for students who enter after the “postbac” competitive examination (40 students per ENV).

The competences acquired during this year are in line with the national referential of competences of veterinarians.

It is divided into two semesters with 10 units of competences.


More information


Marine is a first-year student at ENVT. She entered the school via the post-bac competition and gives us her first impressions.

If you want to go for the post-bac path, don’t hesitate, go for it! And above all, believe in yourself. It’s not just the grades that count, it’s your personality, your experiences in the veterinary world and your perception of this profession that are important.



Core course

The core curriculum lasts 4 years and runs from the 2nd to the 5th year. It is divided into 8 semesters, the last 4 being devoted to clinical training.

The 8 semesters combine basic, preclinical and clinical sciences providing a progressive training of veterinary practitioner.

The diploma of Fundamental Veterinary Studies, obtained at the end of this core curriculum is accompanied by a temporary authorisation to practice delivered by the Ordre des Vétérinaires.

In-depth training

Each student with the DEFV must take a year of of further training (A6). Sixth-year students must complete required and elective rotations that vary depending on the students’ selected focus area.


In-depth training

Veterinary thesis

The preparation of the thesis of veterinary practice is fully part of the teaching activity of sixth year. The thesis is a condition for obtaining the title of Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, which is required for private practice.

Veterinary thesis

Syllabus général 2021-2022